Improving psycho-social well-being among human trafficking victims in Nepal
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Human trafficking has become one of the major global issues that lead the survivors to face a lot of challenges in order to move forward or begin their new life with full of freedom and of their own choices. Simply the term human trafficking is described as the unpleasant experiences that the victims have been through. When the trafficking survivors come out from such harsh environment, an organization called Raksha Nepal comes forward to provide the best possibilities for the survivors to overcome with their problems identify and develop their skills or resources to assume their life in an independent and economically sustainable way. Such organization has played a vital role to uplift the life of the survivors and develop awareness campaign regarding human trafficking in different areas with the motto to educate the people of community to prevent them from such possibilities. The aim of this project is to explore the psycho-social wellbeing of the Human Trafficking victims in Nepal regarding empowerment and social stigma. It is a comprehensive study about the social organization role in empowering the human trafficking survivors after rescue. This study employs qualitative approaches to find the psycho-social matters among women survivors of trafficking who have been rescued with the help of Raksha Nepal. The primary data was collected by taking semi-interviews with the representative of the organization and the victims of different places living in Kathmandu and some other secondary source as documents, articles, journals and newspaper. Human trafficking is not only local matter as it becomes a global matter also. So, the findings were analyzed by using the concept of Stigma Theory (ST) and Empowerment Theory (ET) along with other related literatures. The study tried to find the various factors related to girl trafficking for sexual exploitation. The study tried to explore the various social stigma faced by the victims and their empowerment. Sexual trafficking can only be prevented by the collective effort of different NGO, Government, political parties and various social organization as well as development of economical, educational, social and political dimensions.